Dignity and Rights in Roas Al-Jabal (Musandam)

articls 6:49 AM human rights

According to Jeremy Waldron on 12th January 2010, human dignity is more than a fundamental right and must be respected and protected. The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrined this principle in its preamble: ‘recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world’. Article I of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stated that ‘’all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood’’. Therefore, the dignity of the human person is must be protected by international human rights law. Human dignity goes to the heart of human identity, including cultural identity; and other rights and dignity, such as education, health, development, housing and employment, transport and other rights of the human person, which included in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In fact, without international human rights law and the universal declaration of human rights, dignity and rights of the human person cannot have real meaning. Hence, dignity and rights of the human person fully defined in Article 1 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Human Rights Law.

Dignity and Rights in Roas Al-Jabal

People in Roas Al-Jabal have been living with Marginalisation since 1970, particularly marginalised in education, housing and employment, health, development, roads and transport. Marginalisation in education has a connection with social inequalities. It means that the Omani authorities prevented people in Roas Al-Jabal from studying the history subject of their history rather than Omani history. People in Roas Al-Jabal often leave schools at early ages due to a poor education system and a poor economy in the region. The Omani authorities use the policy of house demolitions to marginalise people in Roas Al-Jabal under the pretext of the lack of ownership, in which have caused many households in Roas Al-Jabal to be homeless or having poor houses. This policy forced a considerable number of people to leave their region and migrated to Oman and UAE. In fact, the right to property is controversial right because it is central to the human rights concept. Therefore, demolishing properties’ without reasonable grounds is a violation of human rights. Moreover, ‘’the right to property has major implications for several important social and economic rights such as the right to work, the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress, the right to education and the right to adequate housing’’ (Icelandic Human Rights Centre). Moreover, the policy of marginalisation in the region has caused large population segments in Roas Al-Jabal are being excluded from the labour market in their region and also in Oman. Although Oman is the member of the Gulf Cooperation Council, the standard of living in the country in general and in Roas Al-Jabal, in particular, is poor compared with other GCC countries, and the problem of providing sufficient numbers of jobs has not been solved yet. Hence, the large number of people in Roas Al-Jabal migrated to the United Arab Emirates to look for better life, jobs and housing. What is more, marginalised groups have been defined as groups that have been removed from the centre of society. For example, depriving people of accessing health care and other fundamental rights is the policy of marginalisation against a particular group of people. Thus, this policy clearly has been running by Oman in Roas Al-Jabal. For the clearer example, social activists in Roas Al-Jabal stated that there is not any sophisticated health care or hospital in the region, so all people for treatment usually go to Muscat and the United Arab Emirates, which caused them to spend a large number of their income for health care and treatment. People in Roas Al-Jabal are facing other marginalisation policies of Oman, for instance, poor transport and insecure roads and other developments. In whole Roas Al-Jabal, there is not any developed transport and roads to make people able to travel from an area to another area. This policy has increased accidents and other problems in the region, although Roas Al-Jabal is one of the wealthiest Emirate in the Gulf region.

International obligations on Oman

  • The Omani authorities must give the opportunity to people in Roas Al-Jabal for more development.
  • UNESCO or Education for All, Global Monitoring Report in 2010 stated that Education is a basic human right. Therefore, the Omani authorities must respect dignity and rights of access to education in Roas Al-Jabal, in which this right has a connection with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  • The Oman authorities have already signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Hence, Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights obliged Oman to offer people to receive all the rights and freedoms without distinction of race, colour, sex, language, and religion, political or other opinions.
  • Oman is also obliged to protect people from any discrimination because Oman is already signed the right to Equality and Non-discrimination except the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.
  • The Omani authorities must give the right to a system of health protection that gives everyone an equal opportunity to enjoy the highest attainable level of health.
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