According to Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ”everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty” (The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10th December 1948). Owirka in 1989 defined discrimination ”as an unjust or prejudicial treatment between different groups of people through the lack of cognition and the lack of understanding, especially on the grounds of differences between race, religion, and culture between different groups”. The discrimination in Roas Al-Jabal has been started since the occupation the region in 1970. The people in Roas Al-Jabal have been suffering from receiving equal social life such as jobs and other ordinary life, suffering from poor economy while the region is over wealthy in natural resources, facing the demographic change since the occupation Roas Al-Jabal (Mosandam) in 1970, facing land confiscation by the Omani authorities, although Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights pointed out that all people are entitled to receive all the rights and freedoms without distinction of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion. Moreover, the discrimination in Roas Al-Jabal in the base of culture and identity has increased, which have caused people in Roas Al-Jabal to be migrated to other region, particularly to United Arab Emirates. More recently, the Omani authorities deprived the indigenous people in Roas Al-Jabal of wearing their traditional clothes in the public or in the official places. According to International Human Rights Law, indigenous people should test and reach their traditional and cultural identity such as clothes and employment, as well as should not facing discrimination because of having different Identity or language differences. International instruments in international human rights law offer Articles to protect indigenous people and protect people from any cultural, political and civil discrimination, in which are including: - Universal Declaration of Human Rights - International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights - International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights - The Right to Equality and Non-discrimination - Convention against Torture - Migration and International Human Rights Law - UN Convention on the Rights of indigenous people
The Omani government has already signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Hence, Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights obliged Oman to offer people to receive all the rights and freedoms without distinction of race, colour, sex, language, and religion, political or other opinion. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights obliged Oman to recognise the right of people in Roas Al-Jabal, although Oman is not the State Party in the covenant. The Omani authorities are obliged to protect people from any violation because of having different culture, ethnic groups or language. Oman signed the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on 4th April 1968 and ratified on 24th June 1975.