Prisons in Roas Al-Jabal under International Law

articls 6:49 AM human rights

Omani prisons in Roas Al-Jabal are in serious conditions, reported by human rights activists and observes in Roas Al Jabal (Musandam).

16th May 2017
International Law and prisons condition

Every prisoner has the rights to access basic and fundamental rights, in which these rights added in the international law on human rights observance. One of the rights that have mentioned in international law is ‘’all States have to refrain from taking confession under torture’’. Recognition under torture violates international human rights law and humanitarian law: 1) everyone has the rights to access that all States can never rob him/her of, no matter where they are, or what they did. 2) Is that just being in prison does not mean you are guilty of a crime, so you have the right to get all the possibilities. In addition, international law contains several regulations for human rights treatments to support the rights of prisoners, so all States have the responsibility to protect the rights of prisoners and avoid of using all practices that violate these rights and regulations. For example, every State must offer a fair trial for prisoners and at the same time avoid of torturing prisoners. In addition, there are lists of international law regulations to protect rights of prisoners: • Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 • Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984 • The 1949 Geneva Conventions and the two Protocols Additional of 1977 • Statute of the International Criminal Court, 1998 • Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 • Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, 1955 • Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners, 1990 • Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment, 1988 • Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1982 • Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, 1992

Prisons in Roas Al-Jabal

According to the human rights activists and observers in Roas Al-Jabal, there are a considerable number of prisoners are detained in Roas Al-Jabal and also other parts of Oman without any charge or reasons. The majority of those prisoners are political and cultural & human rights activists who were detained on the charge of dangerous for national security.

The list of prisoners:

1- Mr Ali Saied Ali Al-Shehi

2- Mr Ahmad Saied Ali Al-Shehi

3- Mr Sami Ali Marzogh Al-Zahori

4- Mr Issa Marzogh Rashed Al-Zahori

5- Mr Ali Mohammad Abdullah ben Jani Al-Shehi>

6- Mr Ali Mohammad Ahmad Al-Shehi

7- Mr Rashed Suliman Rashed Al-Shehi

8- Mr Abdullah Ali Salem Joma Al-Shehi

The father of both Brothers Mr Ali Saied and Ahmad Saied passed away while both brothers kept in detention. The human rights activists during the interview with Khasab Monitor on 16th May 2017 stated that they are as human rights defenders are concerned for the safety of the prisoners from Roas Al-Jabal. According to the Human Rights activists (who did not want their name to be mentioned) continued to add that the Omani authorities were arrested those men in the summer of 2016 through attacking their house in the city of Khasab in the charge of danger for national security. All those men are keeping solitary confinement inside Oman since their arrest, and all faced extreme torture by the Omani intelligence services. Hence, prisoners’ in Roas Al-Jabal not only facing a critical situation like torture and ill-treatments, but they have also faced difficulty in accessing basic and fundamental rights for their daily life in prisons. For example, they kept in unknown locations without access to a lawyer or their family; the Human Rights activists added that. The Human Rights defenders in Roas Al-Jabal during the interview with Khasab Monitor also added that the Omani authorities are building prisons and military camps for Iranians instead of adopting tourist and educational centres for the educational and cultural development of citizens in Roas Al-Jabal (Musandam).

International obligations on Oman

The Omani authorities should accept the responsibility for respecting the rights of prisoners in Roas Al-Jabal, and free all political, cultural and human rights activists who were detained by the Omani authorities in 2016. Article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights stipulates that "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, no medical or scientific experiment may be performed without his free consent. In its general comment on the article, the Human Rights Committee stated that the purpose of this article is to protect both the dignity and the physical and mental integrity of the individual’’. In addition, Omani should offer a fair trial for the prisoners or free all of them without any conditions. It means that the Omani authorities should respect Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that asked for free expressions and free opinion.